Nanotubes and Molecular Pathways of Invaders into Cells in Lungs
Research continues on the molecular pathways that are affected as lungs are invaded particles. One can and should look for parallels between invaders. A new abstract provides information on pathways affected by carbon wall nanotubes.
“Biological oxidative responses are involved in the toxicity of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), which may cause asbestos-like pathogenicity. Superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD-2) has been proposed as a biomarker of early responses to mesothelioma-inducing fibers. This study was conducted to investigate the alteration of SOD-2 expression in the human mesothelial cell lines Met-5A after exposure to nontoxic doses of MWCNTs and the potential signaling pathway. The parameters measured included the viability, morphological change, superoxide formation, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, and messenger RNA (mRNA)/protein levels of SOD-2. Our results showed that MWCNTs upregulated SOD-2 expression at both mRNA and protein level. Coincidently, both superoxide formation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation were observed in Met-5A cells exposed to MWCNTs and were diminished by pretreatment with the reactive oxidative species (ROS) scavenger, N-acetyl-L-(+)-cysteine (NAC). To further investigate the role of ROS/ERK1/2 in MWCNTs-induced SOD-2 overexpression, prior to MWCNTs exposure, cells were pretreated with the Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2 (MEK 1/2) inhibitor (U0126) or with NAC. Both pretreatments decreased the MWCNTs-induced overexpression of SOD-2. These results suggest that upregulation of SOD-2 in Met-5A cells exposed to MWCNTs is mediated by ROS formation and ERK1/2 activation.”
Published online before print June 25, 2015, doi:10.1177/1091581815591223International Journal of Toxicology June 25, 2015 1091581815591223