Continental/CNA – The Latest Insurer to Seek to Limit Risks for Paying Defense and Indemnity E
The insurance industry continues to create new structures to complicate and limit the risks of paying defense or indemnity for third party tort claims. Thus, set out below is the text of this on-line press release from Continental/CNA this morning. The bottom line is that Continental/CNA is seeking to transfer the financial risk of its asbestos and environmental insurance obligations. The transferee will be Warren Buffet/Berkshire’s National Indemnity Company.
The transfer is to be accomplished through a new reinsurance contract that is said to be subject to a top end cap at $ 4 billion. If the transaction is concluded, Berkshire will then have an even more massive share of the asbestos litigation risk.
Berkshire previously took on similar but more massive risk for London insurance vehicle Equitas (today is known as Resolute) in a $ 7 billion deal, as is described here in general and here in some detail. Much of Berkshire’s insurance risk acquisition took place after Buffet/Berkshire bought Johns-Manville through a deal announced back in 2000.
Is this deal "good" or "bad." ? Many answers are possible, depending on one’s perspective. The bottom line, however, is that the risk transfer deals are happening frequently, and most regulators, insureds and tort claimants are doing very little to scrutinize the deals in any material way. One might argue there are parallels to the failure of regulation for markets for CDOs and derivatives. Why ? Among other things, the deals are complex, and the results may not be fully felt for many years. Then again, the results may come to roost sooner, depending on what happens in the litigation industry.
One should consider Warren Buffet’s 2005 statements on why he loves insurance and how key it is to the Berkshire empire. The bottom line is that insurers love to take in premiums (money), and make more profits if they do not pay claims, or pay very slowly. Thus, as quoted in this Insurance Journal article, Mr. Buffet said:
CNA Enters into Agreement to Transfer Its Asbestos and Environmental Pollution Liabilities to National Indemnity Company
CHICAGO, Jul 15, 2010 (BUSINESS WIRE) —
CNA Financial Corporation (NYSE: CNA) announced today that its principal operating subsidiary, Continental Casualty Company, together with several of its other insurance subsidiaries, have entered into an agreement with National Indemnity Company (NICO), a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway Inc., under which the CNA companies’ legacy asbestos and environmental pollution liabilities will be transferred to NICO. Under the terms of the transaction, effective January 1, 2010 the CNA companies will cede approximately $1.6 billion of net asbestos and environmental pollution liabilities to NICO under a retroactive reinsurance agreement with an aggregate limit of $4 billion. The aggregate reinsurance limit will also cover credit risk on existing third party reinsurance related to these liabilities.
The CNA companies will pay to NICO a reinsurance premium of $2 billion and also transfer to NICO the right to collect billed third party reinsurance receivables with a net book value of approximately $200 million.
To secure its obligations, NICO will deposit $2.2 billion in a collateral trust for the benefit of the CNA companies. In addition, Berkshire Hathaway Inc. has guaranteed the payment obligations of NICO up to the full aggregate reinsurance limit as well as certain of NICO’s performance obligations under the trust agreement.
NICO will assume responsibility for claims handling and collection from third party reinsurers related to the CNA companies’ asbestos and environmental pollution claims.
"We believe this transaction is consistent with our focus on financial stability and delivering improved levels of operating consistency as we effectively eliminate a significant source of uncertainty from these legacy liabilities" said Thomas F. Motamed, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of CNA Financial Corporation. "This transaction will allow us to sharpen our focus even further on the execution of strategies to improve and grow our on-going core businesses."
The closing of this transaction is subject to the receipt of required regulatory approvals and the satisfaction of other closing conditions. The closing is expected to occur in the third quarter of 2010 at which time CNA expects to recognize an after-tax loss of approximately $375 million.
Serving businesses and professionals since 1897, CNA is the country’s seventh largest commercial insurance writer and the 13th largest property and casualty company. CNA’s insurance products include standard commercial lines, specialty lines, surety, marine and other property and casualty coverages. CNA’s services include risk management, information services, underwriting, risk control and claims administration. For more information, please visit CNA at www.cna.com. CNA is a registered trademark of CNA Financial Corporation.
This press release may include statements which relate to anticipated future events (forward-looking statements) rather than actual present conditions or historical events. These statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and generally include words such as "believes", "expects", "intends", "anticipates", "estimates", and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements, by their nature, are subject to a variety of inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results projected. Many of these risks and uncertainties cannot be controlled by CNA and include the satisfaction of the conditions to closing, including receipt of regulatory approvals, whether the contemplated transaction will close, whether the other parties to the contemplated transaction will fully perform their obligations to CNA, the uncertainty in estimating loss reserves for asbestos and environmental pollution claims and the possible continued exposure of CNA to liabilities for asbestos and environmental pollution claims. For a detailed description of other risks and uncertainties affecting CNA, please refer to CNA’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, available at www.cna.com.
Any forward-looking statements made in this press release are made by CNA as of the date of this press release. Further, CNA does not have any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement contained in this press release, even if CNA’s expectations or any related events, conditions or circumstances change.
SOURCE: CNA Financial Corporation
CNA Financial Corporation MEDIA CONTACT: Katrina Parker, 312-822-5167
"The Power of Float
The source of our insurance funds is "float," which is money that doesn’t belong to us but that we temporarily hold. Most of our float arises because (1) premiums are paid upfront though the service we provide – insurance protection – is delivered over a period that usually covers a year and; (2) loss events that occur today do not always result in our immediately paying claims, because it sometimes takes many years for losses to be reported (asbestos losses would be an example), negotiated and settled. The $20 million of float that came with our 1967 purchase (National Indemnity- NICO) has now increased – both by way of internal growth and acquisitions – to $46.1 billion.
Float is wonderful – if it doesn’t come at a high price. Its cost is determined by underwriting results, meaning how the expenses and losses we will ultimately pay compare with the premiums we have received. When an underwriting profit is achieved – as has been the case at Berkshire in about half of the 38 years we have been in the insurance business – float is better than free. In such years, we are actually paid for holding other people’s money. For most insurers, however, life has been far more difficult: In aggregate, the property-casualty industry almost invariably operates at an underwriting loss. When that loss is large, float becomes expensive, sometimes devastatingly so."
NICO’s Strategy: Pricing Discipline
When we purchased the company NICO – a specialist in commercial auto and general liability insurance – it did not appear to have any attributes that would overcome the industry’s chronic troubles. It was not well-known, had no informational advantage (the company has never had an actuary), was not a low-cost operator, and sold through general agents, a method many people thought outdated.
Nevertheless, for almost all of the past 38 years, NICO has been a star performer. Indeed, had we not made this acquisition, Berkshire would be lucky to be worth half of what it is today.
What we’ve had going for us is a managerial mindset that most insurers find impossible to replicate.