See the cite and link below for a recent online comparative law paper that provides a broad brush picture of the similarities and differences between personal injury compensation approaches of the United States, various EU countries using civil law, and the UK and New Zealand.
In particular, the paper addresses differences in approach to using “lump sum” payments versus a stream of future payments, calculation of future financial loss in relation to children, deductibility of collateral benefits from awards of damages, and approaches to comparative fault. The article also touches briefly on subrogation in some countries.The paper thus provides helpful context for evaluating the various national approaches to dealing with long tail tort issues.
Margaret Devaney, A Comparative Assessment of Personal Injuries Compensation Schemes: Lessons for Tort Reform?, vol. 13.3 ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE LAW, (September 2009).